Although the women of the United States are confined within the narrow circle of domestic life, and their situation is, in some respects, one of extreme dependence, I have nowhere seen woman occupying a loftier position; and if I were asked... in which I have spoken of so many important things done by Americans, to what the singular prosperity and growing strength of that people ought mainly to be attributed, I should reply, To the superiority of their women.

--Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

Thursday, September 29, 2011

Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution: Chapter 8

120 Broadway, NYC
A Portal to Hell?

The Equitable Building, A Silverstein Property

In this chapter, our host Dr. Sutton makes a note of the fact that so many of the characters discussed thus far had office space in the Equitable Building located at 120 Broadway, New York City:
In any event, the building at 120 Broadway was in 1917 known as the Equitable Life Building. A large building, although by no means the largest office building in New York City, it occupies a one-block area at Broadway and Pine, and has thirty-four floors. The Bankers Club was located on the thirty-fourth floor. The tenant list in 1917 in effect reflected American involvement in the Bolshevik Revolution and its aftermath. For example, the headquarters of the No. 2 District of the Federal Reserve System — the New York area — by far the most important of the Federal Reserve districts, was located at 120 Broadway. The offices of several individual directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and, most important, the American International Corporation were also at 120 Broadway. By way of contrast, Ludwig Martens, appointed by the Soviets as the first Bolshevik "ambassador" to the United States and head of the Soviet Bureau, was in 1917 the vice president of Weinberg & Posner — and also had offices at 120 Broadway.
Is this concentration an accident? Does the geographical contiguity have any significance? Before attempting to suggest an answer, we have to switch our frame of reference and abandon the left-right spectrum of political analysis.

Dr. Sutton goes on to quote Carroll Quigley, often lampooned by those with a shallow understanding of these matters. Whatever one's opinion, Dr. Quigley was the official historian of the Council on Foreign Relations and had access to primary-level information.

"More than fifty years ago the Morgan firm decided to infiltrate the Left-wing political movements in the United States. This was relatively easy to do, since these groups were starved for funds and eager for a voice to reach the people. Wall Street supplied both. The purpose was not to destroy, dominate or take over..."
Professor Quigley's comment, apparently based on confidential documentation, has all the ingredients of an historical bombshell if it can be supported. We suggest that the Morgan firm infiltrated not only the domestic left, as noted by Quigley, but also the foreign left — that is, the Bolshevik movement and the Third International. Even further, through friends in the U.S. State Department, Morgan and allied financial interests, particularly the Rockefeller family, have exerted a powerful influence on U.S.-Russian relations from World War I to the present.

So what we are establishing here is that the banksters of Wall Street are running socialism and communism in foreign lands and not just here in America. We also learn the the supposed independent agency of the Fed was closely intertwined with other corporations, namely American International Corporation.

American International Corporation (AIC) was founded in 1915 with the mission of expanding American interests abroad. They had conquered America and were searching for greener field to harvest. The first investors in this new corporation was a who's who list of the richest men in America. One could argue that AIC was the first multinational corporation. They quickly established offices all over the world. With the formation and rapid growth of this corporation, we begin to see the embryo of the modern world's mess.

For instance, AIC was heavily invested in the United Fruit Company, which fomented a lot of "banana republic" revolutions in 1920s Central America. Was this a foreshadowing of the CIA-instigated wars of the latter 20th century?

AIC also owned a company called American International Shipbuilding. "American International Shipbuilding was the largest single recipient of contracts awarded by the U.S. government Emergency Fleet Corporation." So it begins...oh wait there's more:

In November 1917 the American International Corporation formed and wholly owned the Symington Forge Corporation, a major government contractor for shell forgings. Consequently, American International Corporation had significant interest in war contracts within the United States and overseas. It had, in a word, a vested interest in the continuance of World War I.

This is what Gen. Smedley Butler was talking about when he said that War was a Racket. Only with the limitless capabilities of the printing press and the fear-mongering of the next great enemy were these monsters able to create a perpetual war machine.
Firms located at, or near, 120 Broadway:

American International Corp 120 Broadway
National City Bank 55 Wall Street
Bankers Trust Co Bldg 14 Wall Street
New York Stock Exchange 13 Wall Street/12 Broad
Morgan Building corner Wall & Broad
Federal Reserve Bank of NY 120 Broadway
Equitable Building 120 Broadway
Bankers Club 120 Broadway
Simpson, Thather & Bartlett 62 Cedar St
William Boyce Thompson 14 Wall Street
Hazen, Whipple & Fuller 42nd Street Building
Chase National Bank 57 Broadway
McCann Co 61 Broadway
Stetson, Jennings & Russell 15 Broad Street
Guggenheim Exploration 120 Broadway
Weinberg & Posner 120 Broadway
Soviet Bureau 110 West 40th Street
John MacGregor Grant Co 120 Broadway
Stone & Webster 120 Broadway
General Electric Co 120 Broadway
Morris Plan of NY 120 Broadway
Sinclair Gulf Corp 120 Broadway
Guaranty Securities 120 Broadway
Guaranty Trust 140 Broadway

Now get this, our Secretary of State, Robert Lansing goes to the AIC to get policy advice about what to do with the new Bolshevik government in Russia. William Franklin Sands, the secretary of AIC sends back a letter in Feb. of 1918, before the Bolsheviks had cemented their hold on Russia and while the Greens and White armies were still vying for control.

In brief, Sands, as executive secretary of a corporation whose directors were the most prestigious on Wall Street, provided an emphatic endorsement of the Bolsheviks and the Bolshevik Revolution, and within a matter of weeks after the revolution started. And as a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Sands had just contributed $1 million to the Bolsheviks — such endorsement of the Bolsheviks by banking interests is at least consistent.
 Go back to chapter one if you still believe that Wall Street epitomizes capitalism and is the mortal enemy of communism. History shows us that neither is true.

This Sands fellow is one of the first modern examples of someone stuck on the revolving door of power. Prior to being an executive at AIC, he was a diplomat and had deep ties at the State Department. He left diplomacy to work on foreign loans and was part of that Red Cross mission discussed a few chapters ago.

In early 1918 Sands became the known and intended recipient of certain Russian "secret treaties." If the State Department files are to be believed, it appears that Sands was also a courier, and that he had some prior access to official documents — prior, that is, to U.S. government officials. On January 14, 1918, just two days before Sands wrote his memo on policy towards the Bolsheviks, Secretary Lansing caused the following cable to be sent in Green Cipher to the American legation in Stockholm: "Important official papers for Sands to bring here were left at Legation. Have you forwarded them? Lansing." The reply of January 16 from Morris in Stockholm reads: "Your 460 January 14, 5 pm. Said documents forwarded Department in pouch number 34 on December 28th." To these documents is attached another memo, signed "BM" (Basil Miles, an associate of Sands): "Mr. Phillips. They failed to give Sands 1st installment of secret treaties wh. [which] he brought from Petrograd to Stockholm."

Private citizens getting official government cables on Green Cipher encryption. We find out later that Sands asked Treasury Secretary McAdoo for a special economic commission on Russia and since they didn't have foreign aid like we do today, the Wall Street banks jumped in. In fact, they salivated over the possibilities  of having access to the natural resources of such a large area as Russia combined with a Marxist government to gather all that loot into one easy exploitable government. In the end, a private commission was sent out made up mostly of companies with office space at 120 Broadway called the American-Russian Industrial Syndicate

John Reed:

This guy wrote the book, Ten Days that Shook the World, a glowing review of the Bolshevik Revolution with a special forward by Mr. Lenin himself. He was a contributor to the socialist magazine, Masses as well as the more famous magazine, Metropolitan. The long and short on this guy is that he was paid by the banksters, particularly interlocked with Guranty Trust, a corporation that shows up a lot. It was for Metropolitan, Mr. Reed covered the Pancho Villa uprising, which as you will remember, was a bankster-funded operation. However, John Reed didn't always toe the party line writing once:

"At the Throat of the Republic" (Masses, July 1916), traced the relationship between munitions industries, the national security-preparedness lobby, the interlocking directorates of the Morgan-Rockefeller interest, "and showed that they dominated both the preparedness societies and the newly formed American International Corporation, organized for the exploitation of backward countries.
So there you go, if you want to understand the dramatic shift in America's foreign policy at this point in time, Mr. Reed just told you whats going on.

In 1915, Mr. Reed gets arrested in Russia, but because he runs with the big boys, gets out. Again and again, if you read this chapter in its entirety, you see that the US State Department, American International Corporation, and Mr. Reed are very tight and work together as a well-oiled machine. John Reed wrote communist propaganda, yet he was paid by Wall Street money. I'll let Anthony Sutton sum it up:

This paradoxical account on intervention in behalf of a Soviet agent can have several explanations. One hypothesis that fits other evidence concerning Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution is that John Reed was in effect an agent of the Morgan interests — perhaps only half aware of his double role — that his anticapitalist writing maintained the valuable myth that all capitalists are in perpetual warfare with all socialist revolutionaries. Carroll Quigley, as we have already noted, reported that the Morgan interests financially supported domestic revolutionary organizations and anticapitalist writings. And we have presented in this chapter irrefutable documentary evidence that the Morgan interests were also effecting control of a Soviet agent, interceding on his behalf and, more important, generally intervening in behalf of Soviet interests with the U.S. government. These activities centered at a single address: 120 Broadway, New York City.
So is 120 Broadway a portal to hell? Many of those with office space there gave loads of money and propaganda assistance to what would become Communist HQ. Love of money was their motive, but would they have done it all over again with the knowledge that Communism would lead to the deaths of millions of lives? In future installments of this series, I hope to discover the banksters reactions to the horrors of central planning. However, I have an inkling..

"Whatever the price of the Chinese Revolution, it has obviously succeeded not only in producing more efficient and dedicated administration, but also in fostering high morale and community of purpose. The social experiment in China under Chairman Mao's leadership is one of the most important and successful in human history."
--David Rockefeller, August 10, 1973 in the New York Times
He made this statement after Mao murdered 60 million people! 

By funding an obscure idea like communism, the banksters at 120 Broadway opened up a Pandora's box of evil as these poor souls of the Ukrainian famine would attest.

Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution by Dr. Anthony Sutton can be read in its entirety at Reformed Theology.


  1. Just letting you know that I found the series you have posted.

  2. Ok, thanks for stopping by.
    I know this series is a mindful and takes awhile to digest!


Related Posts with Thumbnails